THE COURAGE FOUNDATION

Who Is Edward Snowden?
Edward Snowden is a 31 year old US citizen, former Intelligence Community officer and whistleblower. The documents he revealed provided a vital public window into the NSA and its international intelligence partners’ secret mass surveillance programs and capabilities. These revelations generated unprecedented attention around the world on privacy intrusions and digital security, leading to a global debate on the issue.

Snowden worked in various roles within the US Intelligence Community, including serving undercover for the CIA overseas. He most recently worked as an infrastructure analyst at the NSA, through a Booz Allen Hamilton contract, when he left his home and family in Hawaii to blow the whistle in May 2013. After travelling to Hong Kong, Snowden revealed documents to the American public on the NSA’s mass surveillance programs, which were shown to be operating without any public oversight and outside the limits of the US Constitution. The US government has charged Snowden with theft of government property, and two further charges under the 1917 Espionage Act. Each charge carries a maximum 10-year prison sentence.

With the US pursuing his extradition, Snowden is now in Russia, where he was formally granted three years’ residency from 1 August 2014, after a year of temporary asylum in Russia ended on 31st July 2014. Journalists continue to publish documents from Snowden that reveal the secret and unaccountable systems of modern global surveillance.

Edward Snowden: Sam Adams Award
Snowden talks at the Sam Adams Award award ceremony in October 2013 about the secret surveillance he revealed and its dangers to democracy.

One of the tasks of the trustees is to oversee the functioning of Courage, which has been set up to raise money for journalistic sources’ legal defence campaigns. Edward Snowden is its first recipient, but he will not be its last. We expect to be supporting more journalistic sources and whistleblowers in the future and we expect to grow as more journalistic sources are nominated as recipients.

It is the only fund endorsed by Edward Snowden. If you see others claiming to raise revenue for Edward Snowden, please report them to the trustees at: [email protected]

To contact us about any issue involving the site, or how to volunteer, please email: [email protected]

Edward Snowden has been charged by the US government with theft, “unauthorized communication of national defense information” and “willful communication of classified communications intelligence information to an unauthorized person”. The last two charges fall under the 1917 Espionage Act.

Each of the three charges carry a maximum of ten years in prison plus a fine, totalling a possible 30-year sentence. It is possible that further charges may be brought against Snowden.

The US administration has already taken many actions towards the extradition of Edward Snowden. Not only have arrest and extradition warrants been issued to numerous countries, but US officials have also personally pressured political leaders and threatened to cut trade benefits for failure to pursue Snowden’s extradition. People who have assisted, or are suspected of associating with, Snowden have also been put at risk or harassed, including WikiLeaks journalist Sarah Harrison, who accompanied Edward Snowden during his transit from Hong Kong to Moscow, and journalist Glenn Greenwald’s partner David Miranda, who was detained for nine hours under the UK’s Terrorism Act while transiting through Heathrow airport.

Edward Snowden risks an unfair trial as there is no public interest or whistleblower exception under the Espionage Act. This means Snowden would be unable to use his intent as a defence. In an interview, he explained the reasoning behind his revelations: “I can’t in good conscience allow the US government to destroy privacy, internet freedom and basic liberties for people around the world with this massive surveillance machine they’re secretly building.”

Snowden is not only at risk of legal punishments, but physical as well. Despite a letter from US Attorney-General Eric Holder that Edward Snowden would not be subject to the death penalty or torture, Michael Ratner, president emeritus of the Center for Constitutional Rights, notes that these comments are “meaningless“. On the subject of torture Mr Ratner commented:

“Think about how the US defines torture. The US doesn’t really think that anything it did under the Bush era was torture, with the exception possibly of waterboarding. So that means Ed Snowden can be subjected to every enhanced interrogation techniques – you know, lights on all the time, loud noise, cold temperatures, hot temperatures, strapped into a chair. All of the, quote, ‘enhanced interrogation techniques’ are allowed under US view of torture.” He also commented: “It doesn’t say anything in the letter [that the US] won’t put him into some underground cell and keep him there the rest of his life.”

To understand the threats against Edward Snowden, one need look no further than the other whistleblowers who have been prosecuted by the Obama administration. The Obama adminsitration boasts about the fact that they have “prosecuted twice as many cases under the Espionage Act as all other administrations combined”. A notable case is that of Chelsea Manning, who after three years of pretrial detainment, including under unlawful conditions, was sentenced to 35 years in prison.

The Obama administration’s crackdown on national security journalism and its whistleblowers has been escalating for some time and Edward Snowden’s revelations place him in the crosshairs.

More info: https://edwardsnowden.com/

Days Left

Unlimited

Bitcoins Raised

0.43598557

Progress


Campaign Address


Scan the QR code with your mobile Bitcoin wallet or copy/paste the Bitcoin address in your desktop wallet. Your donation is greatly appreciated.

Last Transactions

6+confirmations 

7a707783eb6d328a2399e575a8ff96ab9883acb2a73aa05030310b760a7bb62b

1 Input Consumed

0.00010349 BTC from
bc1q8mjxx9wt0nxh0v6fvrrjz7eh7fvwnqqh5tyrfu(output)

1 Output Created

0.0001006 BTC to
3C6qQDSRZVahLm5JryiF2zQFTeKzNQPfnH(unspent)

Value Transacted :0.0001006 BTC

6+confirmations 

b2131030a70d87da340ea10c960dc8f551e00f02517f880a1ebe93c612c2df88

1 Input Consumed

0.00001275 BTC from
bc1qv6y5fxeter2564x5zckrgvqtz9cfnh899spqwe(output)

1 Output Created

0.00001164 BTC to
3C6qQDSRZVahLm5JryiF2zQFTeKzNQPfnH(unspent)

Value Transacted :0.00001164 BTC

6+confirmations 

56fd676210f4e680e4577dbea0b8bb46f3c2945776bb60d13d6b2a5f6525e21c

1 Input Consumed

0.08564428 BTC from
bc1qdvmwz4rln22qdeerwmsrhjhqh2m5jwg32zh8qa(output)

462 Outputs Created

0.00000547 BTC to
1Lets1xxxx1use1xxxxxxxxxxxy2EaMkJ(unspent)
0.00000547 BTC to
1fuLL1xxxx1power1xxxxxxxxxxzatvCK(unspent)
0.00000547 BTC to
1of1xxxxx1anonymity1xxxxxxxz9JzFN(unspent)
0.00000547 BTC to
1See1xxxx1memo1xxxxxxxxxxxxxBuhPF(unspent)
0.00000547 BTC to
1dot1xxxxx1sv1xxxxxxxxxxxxxwYqEEt(unspent)
...

Value Transacted :0.08305773 BTC

6+confirmations 

3d5b3dda85c84b0b561c729a6e3cfec9f930117d104d0168741380d2cc76d331

1 Input Consumed

0.003 BTC from
bc1q03zdmvv0m5u06fj4ey0n3289vav6283289twra(output)

1 Output Created

0.00288456 BTC to
3C6qQDSRZVahLm5JryiF2zQFTeKzNQPfnH(unspent)

Value Transacted :0.00288456 BTC

6+confirmations 

9b4a3a40e358b696e8818884b0090cc9b1024cb448887f6389efd34f9fcaad7b

1 Input Consumed

0.08479594 BTC from
13Dr81kR8vu9dD6t5L1pRtm8PWfB5Mi8Hy(output)

2 Outputs Created

0.01693118 BTC to
3C6qQDSRZVahLm5JryiF2zQFTeKzNQPfnH(unspent)
0.06762665 BTC to
1CMA2SPYb2CnbiS989JTF7aCsFXWhwSFga(spent)

Value Transacted :0.08455783 BTC

6+confirmations 

aeaebb38ca0f35bf16381a27938d630d627d5c389012dee216dfb46aae87d4a3

1 Input Consumed

0.27952091 BTC from
3PzL3V1P86aj2WgYrhGF8oeP2LH49Te7ZK(output)

15 Outputs Created

0.00967637 BTC to
bc1q6w5xrn6dhyvg965rn0aaqqnlh2w4lnh7vgl7c9(spent)
0.00288401 BTC to
1FAddnpmzodq2nM2JpV956WmaufRkNHiQS(spent)
0.00260277 BTC to
3C6qQDSRZVahLm5JryiF2zQFTeKzNQPfnH(unspent)
0.00015677 BTC to
1QBf9dDVpXB2gnw7kKG1X1qGs9RouEmdY(spent)
0.00781742 BTC to
3P8eNrS8cFZotzHpLRENiWjidbgmdRLzBc(spent)
...

Value Transacted :0.27883007 BTC

6+confirmations 

9c7f602933f1ba3d96ecc9bfcf0f85e0d0e99ff9cd167e0b68ec30b80850a463

1 Input Consumed

0.00461035 BTC from
bc1qpfx6gwyua2ul3a4s3alsfhansyevj7d7y7w7ec(output)

2 Outputs Created

0.00036769 BTC to
3C6qQDSRZVahLm5JryiF2zQFTeKzNQPfnH(unspent)
0.00408504 BTC to
bc1q355puduesw9x5mq4x954w558ljmj9ht5wlr53m(unspent)

Value Transacted :0.00445273 BTC

6+confirmations 

6aec55d3f6bc5386cc5df580bc67a82b86141c5be46f894b063b04c1b103df4e

12 Inputs Consumed

0.00499043 BTC from
3FFcpXSL1Q1fxEoofdJvtUyT8hEtyedgUM(output)
0.00539299 BTC from
39JZPzghNoYXCseZiuDfoPbnjPCtg2Lsz8(output)
0.03003894 BTC from
3A7kaeepDjkcMqWoaAGgRpJJ4emjcZXD6T(output)
0.0022544 BTC from
3EZFyJgSny7L3h5LQXD5bWgbbK6fGC85BN(output)
0.0033 BTC from
3JiK2nFsxw8fyHCKioorFHtjM5XbxqwLeQ(output)
...

63 Outputs Created

0.01542354 BTC to
3CK9z7kHnnJAznQoMeCSM2JktarYbEtFAf(spent)
0.001533 BTC to
3KYLhH6mDHe8Xm2cdWdMRgh9HbDwcEjVLD(spent)
0.00015548 BTC to
1MUnsMXVma1n9Gv2GUPna9NL9CxwVLi8r1(spent)
0.00301308 BTC to
3FM4yahHPuc7mWRcm2d5iusj2Ag7KrwEWm(spent)
0.00907989 BTC to
1NDV1eXKkvZRsCpwvvFdVHoo2M7r6zy7uH(spent)
...

Value Transacted :3.3539287 BTC

6+confirmations 

47372f250036996197c0864e97db04ea866eebbb583b27892565ea4c2ada5ecf

1 Input Consumed

0.69339057 BTC from
3JgfqZmwGFseH7hpkmrejyoryUkXaXriyE(output)

5 Outputs Created

0.00171615 BTC to
1E683Z3QsvKsN7tfjsAHoHCVFBrSroFWQN(spent)
0.00029967 BTC to
19UapTNDkWpwo3LYUJENyGQSeHj1Qy5AS6(spent)
0.01764832 BTC to
1ArgeakmMp4oCqegEVBZGT7Abkj8tVkEuN(unspent)
0.00257798 BTC to
3C6qQDSRZVahLm5JryiF2zQFTeKzNQPfnH(unspent)
0.67082197 BTC to
3JgfqZmwGFseH7hpkmrejyoryUkXaXriyE(spent)

Estimated Value Sent :0.02224212 BTC(more)

"Estimated Value Sent" excludes known change addresses.For example, let's say we have a single transaction where address A sends 1 BTC to address B and also 1 BTC back to address A as change, then only 1 BTC is estimated to have been sent.Proper use of a new change address for each transaction (like all HD wallet implementations) obfuscate this feature.

6+confirmations 

dc83176a984ba9c5bd5a5db38b2dc49403d82a90b36eeca515acd9d036317898

1 Input Consumed

80.0 BTC from
3LtpFPpQhE4pc9MbaDsVqZNat2GeFUKCix(output)

100 Outputs Created

0.0007 BTC to
3C5rMJ9xGMw4AQW3tjpVKXx52vNAJ4ySXK(spent)
0.00023884 BTC to
bc1qwc2yr4fafdxsvzggh3qvwqvzcfu7g82e0d2k34(unspent)
0.00143624 BTC to
1H28iTuZJ9bD3Tt8aDNQYy2dPCCayHnTKC(spent)
0.00020442 BTC to
3DS1tsMeMQwWqJ2wvAuCKZ8zBGCtPqZhS9(spent)
0.00091261 BTC to
34hF9fV7ptwH7tjoSdNMH1SfmTuNSZM8Mw(spent)
...

Value Transacted :79.9969224 BTC